Management And Accounting Web

Castellano, J. F. and R. Burrows. 2011. Relevance lost: The practice/classroom gap. Management Accounting Quarterly (Winter): 41-48.

Summary by James R. Martin, Ph.D., CMA
Professor Emeritus, University of South Florida

JIT Main Page | Lean Accounting Main Page | Value Chain Main Page

Castellano and Burrows report on a survey of 352 faculty listed in Hasselback's directory with cost or managerial accounting as a teaching or research interest. The authors' motivation for the survey was based on their own textbook review process that indicated little or no coverage of lean enterprise concepts in the leading cost and managerial accounting textbooks. The results of their textbook review process provided two purposes for the survey. The main purpose was to determine whether management accounting faculty were covering lean enterprise topics in cost/managerial accounting courses, as well as the survey respondents' familiarity with various lean enterprise concepts. An additional purpose was to determine the extent that the absence of lean enterprise topics in the textbooks was being supplemented with IMA materials, journal articles, outside speakers, or student projects.

Survey results indicating the extent of faculty coverage and familiarity with lean enterprise topics were generated with a set of questions related to eight lean enterprise terms or topics. These terms, or topics, and the percentage of faculty who either indicated that the topic was not important, or that they were not familiar with the topic are as follows: Value stream mapping 44%, Value stream costing 43%, Lean manufacturing 26%, Lean accounting 33%, Toyota production system 48%, Toyota Way principles 53%, Visual control systems 45%, Performance measurements in a lean environment 25%.

The percentages of faculty indicating that the topics were not covered in the textbook that they were using were: Value stream mapping 65%, Value stream costing 62%, Lean manufacturing 38%, Lean accounting 51%, Toyota production system 70%, Toyota Way principles 77%, Visual control systems 73%, Performance measurements in a lean environment 54%.

The percentages of faculty indicating that they were not supplementing the textbooks were: Value stream mapping 84%, Value stream costing 84%, Lean manufacturing 68%, Lean accounting 72%, Toyota production system 83%, Toyota Way principles 90%, Visual control systems 87%, Performance measurements in a lean environment 70%.

Percentage of Respondents
Concept or Technique 1
Important to
somewhat important
2
Not important
3
Not familiar
with topic
2 + 3
Not Important or
Not familiar with topic
Value stream mapping 56% 17% 27% 44%
Value stream costing 57 17 26 43
Lean manufacturing 74 16 10 26
Lean accounting 67 19 14 33
Toyota Production System 52 26 22 48
Toyota Way principles 47 27 26 53
Visual control systems 55 14 31 45
Performance measurements in a lean environment 75 11 14 25

The authors end the paper with the following note. "The implications of this survey are clear. Most accounting programs are graduating students with little or no appreciation or understanding of lean and lean accounting."

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Notes: An explanation for these survey results might be related to the terminology used in the survey, rather than the absence of familiarity with lean enterprise concepts since most of the lean enterprise concepts (focused factory, flexible manufacturing, cellular manufacturing, demand pull systems, kanban production control, non-financial performance measurements, etc.) have been in the just-in-time literature for over 25 years and there have been hundreds of articles published in the accounting literature related to these topics.

I would be interested to know what others think about this survey, but one thing is clear. There is no shortage of materials that could be used to supplement the concepts included in the Castellano-Borrows survey.

For example, a few articles are listed below in the order of the terms used by Castellano and Burrows. All of the summaries appear on the MAAW site and are offered here to supplement any management accounting course or self study program. However, the full text of all of these articles are available to most faculty and students via their university library data base subscriptions to sites such as ProQuest.

Value stream mapping

Baggaley, B. and B. Maskell. 2003. Value stream management for lean companies, Part I. Journal of Cost Management (March/April): 23-27. (Summary).

Baggaley, B. and B. Maskell. 2003. Value stream management for lean companies, Part II. Journal of Cost Management (May/June): 24-30. (Summary).

Womack, J. P. and D. T. Jones. 1996. Beyond Toyota: How to root out waste and pursue perfection. Harvard Business Review (September-October): 140-144, 146, 148-152, 154, 156, 158. (Summary).

Value stream costing

Baggaley, B. and B. Maskell. 2003. Value stream management for lean companies, Part II. Journal of Cost Management (May/June): 24-30. (Summary).

Brosnahan, J. P. 2008. Unleash the power of lean accounting. Journal of Accountancy (July): 60-66. (Summary).

Lean manufacturing and lean enterprise

Brosnahan, J. P. 2008. Unleash the power of lean accounting. Journal of Accountancy (July): 60-66. (Summary).

Martin, J. R. Not dated. Lean concepts and terms. Management And Accounting Web. https://maaw.info/LeanConceptsandTermsSummary.htm

See MAAW's Chapter 8 JIT section.

Staats, B. R. and D. M. Upton. 2011. Lean knowledge work: The "Toyota" principles can also be effective in operations involving judgment and expertise. Harvard Business Review (October): 100-110. https://maaw.info/ArticleSummaries/ArtSumStaatsUpton2011.htm

Swank, C. K. 2003. The lean service machine. Harvard Business Review (October): 123-129. (How lean production principles are used by a life insurance company). (Summary).

Womack, J. P. and D. T. Jones. 1994. From lean production to the lean enterprise. Harvard Business Review (March-April): 93-103. (Summary).

Lean accounting

Baggaley, B. and B. Maskell. 2003. Value stream management for lean companies, Part II. Journal of Cost Management (May/June): 24-30. (Summary).

Martin, J. R. Not dated. What is lean accounting? Management And Accounting Web. https://maaw.info/LeanAccounting.htm

Maskell, B. H. and B. L. Baggaley. 2006. Lean accounting: What's it all about? Target Magazine 22(1): 35-43. (Note).

Toyota Production System

Kapanowski, G. 2016. Lean fundamentals for accountants. Cost Management (January/February): 5-14. (Summary).

Spear, S. and H. K. Bowen. 1999. Decoding the DNA of the Toyota production system. Harvard Business Review (September-October): 97-106. (Summary).

Spear, S. J. 2004. Learning to lead at Toyota. Harvard Business Review (May): 78-86. (Summary).

Johnson, H. T. and A. Broms. 2000. Profit Beyond Measure: Extraordinary Results through Attention to Work and People. New York: The Free Press. (Summary).

Martin, J. R. Not dated. Lean concepts and terms. Management And Accounting Web. https://maaw.info/LeanConceptsandTermsSummary.htm

Martin, J. R. Not dated. Profit Beyond Measure graphics and notes. Management And Accounting Web. https://maaw.info/ArticleSummaries/ArtSumJohnsonBromsGraphicsNotes.htm

Toyota Public Affairs Division and Operations Management Consulting Division. 1998. The Toyota Production System: Leaner Manufacturing for a Greener Planet. The Toyota Motor Corporation. (Summary).

Toyota Way principles

Liker, J. 2003. The Toyota Way: 14 Management Principles From The World's Greatest Manufacturer. McGraw-Hill. (Briefly: 1. Base decisions on a long-term strategy, 2. Create a continuous process flow, 3. Use pull systems, 4. Level the work load to minimize waste, 5. Stop the production line to fix problems, 6. Standardize processes and tasks, 7. Use visual controls, 8. Use reliable thoroughly tested technology, 9. Develop leaders, 10. Develop teams, 11. Respect partners and suppliers, 12. Use go-and-see for yourself management, 13. Use consensus decisions, 14. Become a learning organization through continuous improvement).

Kapanowski, G. 2016. Lean fundamentals for accountants. Cost Management (January/February): 5-14. (Summary).

Toyota Public Affairs Division and Operations Management Consulting Division. 1998. The Toyota Production System: Leaner Manufacturing for a Greener Planet. The Toyota Motor Corporation. (Summary).

Visual control systems

Goodson, R. E. 2002. Read a plant - fast. Harvard Business Review (May): 105-113. (How the rapid plant assessment (RPA) process can tell you if a factory is truly lean in as little as 30 minutes. The process includes two tools: The RPA rating sheet includes 11 categories for assessing leanness, and the RPA questionnaire includes 20 yes or no questions). (Summary).

Toyota Public Affairs Division and Operations Management Consulting Division. 1998. The Toyota Production System: Leaner Manufacturing for a Greener Planet. The Toyota Motor Corporation. (Summary).

Most of the articles listed above mention visual controls.

Performance measurements in a lean environment

Fullerton, R. R. 2003. Performance measurement and reward systems in JIT and non-JIT firms. Cost Management (November/December): 40-47. (Summary).

Fullerton, R. R. and C. S. McWatters. 2002. The role of performance measures and incentive systems in relation to the degree of JIT implementation. Accounting, Organizations and Society 27(8): 711-735. (Summary).

Kapanowski, G. 2016. Lean fundamentals for accountants. Cost Management (January/February): 5-14. (Summary).

Maskell, B. H. and B. L. Baggaley. 2006. Lean accounting: What's it all about? Target Magazine 22(1): 35-43. (Note).

Martin, J. R. Not dated. What is lean accounting? Management And Accounting Web. https://maaw.info/LeanAccounting.htm

The just-in-time section in MAAW's Chapter 8.

Related to Management Accounting Education

Johnson, H. T. 1989. Professors, customers, and value: bringing a global perspective to management accounting education. Proceedings of the Third Annual Management Accounting Symposium. Sarasota: American Accounting Association: 7-20. (Summary).

Reckers, P. M. J. 2006. Perspectives on the proposal for a generally accepted accounting curriculum: A wake-up call for academics. Issues in Accounting Education (February): 31-43. (Note).

The Pathways Commission. 2012. The Pathways Commission on Higher Education: Charting a National Strategy for the Next Generation of Accountants. American Accounting Association and American Institute of CPAs. (Note).

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Other related summaries:

Martin, J. R. Not dated. Russell Ackoff quotes and f-laws. Management And Accounting Web. https://maaw.info/RussellAckoff.htm

Martin, J. R. Not dated. Russell Ackoff: What is a system? Videos. (Note).

Martin, J. R. Not dated. The Beer Game. Management And Accounting Web. (Summary).

Senge, P. M. 1990. The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. Doubleday Currency. (Note).